Data Governance Overview – Framework and Tools


Data Governance – Overview

Data governance refers to managing and controlling an organization’s data assets. It is all about the availability, usability, integrity, and security of the data available to the organization. It encompasses the policies, processes, and practices that ensure data collection, storage, usage, and protection throughout its lifecycle.

Data Governance – Primary Objectives

Data Quality:

Ensure the accuracy, consistency, completeness, and reliability of data. Data quality involves defining data standards, establishing data validation rules, and implementing data quality controls.

Data Security and Privacy:

Protect sensitive data from unauthorized access, breaches, and misuse. This includes defining access controls, encryption mechanisms, and privacy policies to comply with relevant regulations (e.g., GDPR, CCPA).

Data Compliance:

Ensure adherence to legal and regulatory data handling, storage, and usage requirements. Data compliance establishes data classification, retention, and disposal processes in compliance with applicable laws.

Data Stewardship:

Assign responsibilities and accountabilities for data management to designated individuals or teams within the organization. Data stewards are responsible for data integrity, data ownership, and resolving data-related issues.

Data Lifecycle Management:

Establish processes for data creation, collection, storage, retrieval, usage, archiving, and disposal. Data Lifecycle Management includes defining data retention policies and ensuring accurate data archival and deletion.

Data Integration and Interoperability:

Enable efficient and effective data sharing and integration across systems, departments, and organizations. Data Integration and Interoperability involves defining standards, formats, and interfaces to ensure data compatibility and interoperability.

Data Analytics and Decision-Making:

Enable effective use of data for business intelligence, analytics, and decision-making purposes. Data governance ensures data availability, trustworthiness, and accessibility, to support data-driven insights and decision-making processes.

Data-Governance Framework

A data governance framework provides a structured approach for managing and controlling the organization’s data assets. It consists of a cluster of policies, procedures, standards, guidelines, and tools that define processes and controls for using, managing, and protecting the available data.

A standard framework should include the following components:

1. Governance Strategy:

A strategic plan that defines the governance objectives, success metrics, stakeholders, and communication plan.

2. Governance Policies and Procedures:

A set of policies & procedures that are used to define how data is managed, accessed, protected, and maintained.

3. Metadata Management:

A system for managing metadata to provide a consistent, detailed, and accurate view of the organization’s data assets.

4. Data Quality Management:

This process maintains data quality and ensures data match business requirements.

5. Data Security and Privacy:

A set of policies and procedures that ensure the confidentiality, integrity, availability, and privacy of data. 

6. Data Stewardship:

A set of roles and responsibilities for managing and maintaining data. 

7Data Architecture:

A high-level view of the organization’s data assets, including data models, data flows, and data sources. 

8. Data Operations Management:

A set of daily processes for monitoring, maintaining, and managing the organization’s data assets.

Overall, a good framework ensures that data is used effectively and efficiently to support the organization’s strategic goals while minimizing risks associated with data usage.

Top 5 Data Governance Tools

Sure. Here are the top 5 data governance tools:

1. Collibra:

Collibra is a popular data governance platform that facilitates understanding, collaboration, and compliance of data assets across the organization. It offers features like data lineage, catalog, profiling, and metadata management. 

2. Informatica Axon:

Informatica Axon is a tool designed to align the business and IT teams on enterprise data governance. It provides a centralized platform for data stewardship, cataloging, and lineage.

3. Alation:

Alation is a data intelligence platform that helps organizations to understand, trust, and use their data effectively. It provides a data catalog, collaborative data-governance, and automated data discovery.

4. IBM InfoSphere Information Governance Catalog:

IBM InfoSphere Information Governance Catalog is a comprehensive tool that facilitates the discovery, management, and compliance of enterprise data. It offers data lineage, data catalog, and metadata management.

5. Informatica MDM:

Informatica MDM is a master data management tool that enables organizations to manage their data as a single source of truth. It offers data integration, quality, and governance capabilities, and it helps organizations in achieving regulatory compliance.


In conclusion, data governance is critical for any organization that relies heavily on data to power its operations and decision-making processes. A well-defined data governance framework supported by tools and technologies allows organizations to manage their data in a consistent, secure, and compliant way. The best strategy is a continuous process that evolves over time in response to changing business needs and regulatory requirements. By employing the right tools, organizations can not only ensure data accuracy and consistency but also leverage data as a strategic asset that supports better business outcomes.


  • Vikrant Chavan

    Vikrant Chavan is a Marketing expert @ 64 Squares LLC having a command on 360-degree digital marketing channels. Vikrant is having 8+ years of experience in digital marketing.

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